Montreal has a storied baseball history. [224], Montreal has two international airports, one for passengers only, the other for cargo. Fax: (450) 974-4601 Email: "MTL", "The 514", "The City of Festivals", "The City of Saints", "The City of a Hundred Steeples", "Sin City", "La Métropole", Service de police de la Ville de Montréal, International Civil Aviation Organization, 1967 International and Universal Exposition, burning of the Parliament Buildings in Montreal, Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal, International Council of Graphic Design Associations, 2002 Municipal Reorganization of Montreal, Orchestre Métropolitain du Grand Montréal, Centre de services scolaire Marguerite-Bourgeoys, Centre de services scolaire de la Pointe-de-l'Île, École nationale d'administration publique, Institut national de la recherche scientifique, L'Institut de formation théologique de Montréal, Conservatoire de musique du Québec à Montréal, Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport, "La Gaspésie s'attable dans la métropole", "Lonely Planet Montreal Guide – Modern History", 66023 / Geographic code 66023 in the official, "Census Profile, 2016 Census; Montreal, Ville [Census subdivision], Quebec and Canada [Country]", "Mount Royal Park – Montreal's Mount Royal Park or Parc du Mont-Royal",,, "Why Choose Montréal – Montreal International", "Montreal, Canada appointed a UNESCO City of Design", "Vancouver and Montreal among 25 most livable cities", "Articles | Encyclopédie du patrimoine culturel de l'Amérique française – histoire, culture, religion, héritage", "About – Festival International de Jazz de Montréal", "how should one pronounce montreal? Canada Over 19 Locations Nationwide. [50], Ville-Marie was the name for the settlement that appeared in all official documents until 1705, when Montreal appeared for the first time, although people referred to the "Island of Montreal" long before then.[51]. Montreal-based Via Rail provides rail service to other cities in Canada, particularly to Quebec City and Toronto along the Quebec City – Windsor Corridor. It had a mission village, known as Kahnewake, south of the St Lawrence River. By Norman R. Ball. Drop Off Shipping Assistance Pick Up Copy & Print. Montreal has three daily newspapers, the English-language Montreal Gazette and the French-language Le Journal de Montréal, and Le Devoir; another French-language daily, La Presse, became an online daily in 2018. [68] During the 1960s, there was continued growth as Canada's tallest skyscrapers, new expressways and the subway system known as the Montreal Metro were finished during this time. Enter ZIP/Postal Code or City. Montgomery was killed in the failed attack and Arnold, who had taken command, sent Brigadier General Moses Hazen to inform Wooster of the defeat. Thunderstorms are common in the period beginning in late spring through summer to early fall; additionally, tropical storms or their remnants can cause heavy rains and gales. Some 26% of the population of Montreal and 16.5% that of Greater Montreal, are members of a visible minority (non-white) group,[122] up from 5.2% in 1981. [43] [45] On his 1616 map, Champlain named the island Lille de Villemenon in honour of the sieur de Villemenon, a French dignitary who was seeking the viceroyship of New France. [31][32] It is the only Canadian city to have held the quadrennial Summer Olympics. There was substantial resistance from the suburbs to the merger, with the perception being that it was forced on the mostly English suburbs by the Parti Québécois. Founded in 1642 as Ville-Marie, or "City of Mary",[15] it is named after Mount Royal,[16] the triple-peaked hill in the heart of the city. The borough with the most neighbourhoods is Ville Marie, which includes downtown, the historical district of Old Montreal, Chinatown, the Gay Village, the Latin Quarter, the gentrified Quartier international and Cité Multimédia as well as the Quartier des Spectacles which is under development. "Water-supply." [21][22][23][24], Historically the commercial capital of Canada, Montreal was surpassed in population and in economic strength by Toronto in the 1970s. Old Montreal is accessible from the downtown core via the underground city and is served by several STM bus routes and Metro stations, ferries to the South Shore and a network of bicycle paths. [244], "Montrealer" redirects here. The much smaller Ile Notre-Dame is home to the Casino de Montréal and the racing track, which is used for Canada's Grand Prix every June. Cloudflare Ray ID: 6069b9fc5ff7dd77 In recent decades, the city was widely seen as weaker than that of Toronto and other major Canadian cities, but it has recently experienced a revival. This race takes place on the famous Circuit Gilles Villeneuve on Île Notre-Dame. 22 déc. Arnold's forces then abandoned Lachine to chase Forster. To be opened in three phases as of 2021, the REM will be completed by mid-2023, becoming the fourth largest automated rapid transit network after the Dubai Metro, the Singapore Mass Rapid Transit, and the Vancouver SkyTrain. All intercity trains and most commuter trains operate out of Central Station. There are also five over-the-air French-language television stations: CBFT-DT (Ici Radio-Canada), CFTM-DT (TVA), CFJP-DT (V), CIVM-DT (Télé-Québec), and CFTU-DT (Canal Savoir). Spring and fall are pleasantly mild but prone to drastic temperature changes; spring even more so than fall. This impressive network connects pedestrian thoroughfares to universities, as well as hotels, restaurants, bistros, subway stations and more, in and around downtown with 32 km (20 mi) of tunnels over 12 km2 (4.6 sq mi) of the most densely populated part of Montreal. The leaders of Montreal's business community had started to build their homes in the Golden Square Mile (~2.6 km2) from about 1850. The video game industry has been booming in Montreal since 1997, coinciding with the opening of Ubisoft Montreal. In the mid 1840s, the City of Montreal installed a water system that would pump water from the St. Lawrence and into cisterns. It was the first time a Canadian company won this prize. Montreal was the capital of the Province of Canada from 1844 to 1849, but lost its status when a Tory mob burnt down the Parliament building to protest the passage of the Rebellion Losses Bill. A cultural heart of classical art and the venue for many summer festivals, the Place des Arts is a complex of different concert and theatre halls surrounding a large square in the eastern portion of downtown. They also review the annual budget forecasts for departments under their jurisdiction. [117], People of European ethnicities formed the largest cluster of ethnic groups. Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport (also known as Dorval Airport) in the City of Dorval serves all commercial passenger traffic and is the headquarters of Air Canada[225] and Air Transat. This name refers to the Lachine Rapids to the island's southwest or Ka-wé-no-te. Also performing at Place des Arts are the Opéra de Montréal and the city's chief ballet company Les Grands Ballets Canadiens. The council consists of 65 members from all boroughs. [219] It also provides adapted transport and wheelchair-accessible buses. [124] Visible minorities are defined by the Canadian Employment Equity Act as "persons, other than Aboriginals, who are non-white in colour". Montreal has the second-highest number of consulates in North America,[26] serves as the location of the headquarters of the International Civil Aviation Organization, and was named a UNESCO City of Design in 2006. [121] Book online. Since 2005 the city has been home for the International Council of Graphic Design Associations (Icograda);[100] the International Design Alliance (IDA).[101]. In 2002, Montreal was the fourth-largest centre in North America in terms of aerospace jobs. Branch locations for TD Canada Trust in Montreal. The fountainiers would open and close water valves outside of buildings, as directed, all over the city. On April 19, Arnold arrived in Montreal to take over command from Hazen, who remained as his second-in-command. First, because it was located more in the interior of the Province of Canada, it was less susceptible to attack from the United States. Montreal has numerous weekly tabloids and community newspapers serving various neighbourhoods, ethnic groups and schools. Montreal is a centre of film and television production. Visit your nearest CIBC location for your everyday banking. CEGEPs offer pre-university (2-years) and technical (3-years) programs. The commuter rail system is managed and operated by Exo, and reaches the outlying areas of Greater Montreal with six lines. [47] By 1643, Ville-Marie had already been attacked by Iroquois raids. Search. [222] The project was initiated by Montreal Mayor Jean Drapeau, who later brought the Summer Olympic Games to Montreal in 1976. [81], Before modern weather record keeping (which dates back to 1871 for McGill),[82] a minimum temperature almost 5 degrees lower was recorded at 7 a.m. on January 10, 1859, where it registered at −42 °C (−44 °F). Late season and playoff games are played at the much larger, enclosed Olympic Stadium, which also played host to the 2008 Grey Cup. [203], Montreal is the seat of the judicial district of Montreal, which includes the city and the other communities on the island.[204]. Montreal is located in the southwest of the province of Quebec, approximately 275 km (171 mi) southwest of Quebec City, the provincial capital, and 167 km (104 mi) east of Ottawa, the … In time, this development led to the end of the city's economic dominance as businesses moved to other areas. 350 Sainte-Catherine St W, Downtown Montreal, Montreal… It is the set of interconnected shopping complexes (both above and below ground). Public local transport is served by a network of buses, subways, and commuter trains that extend across and off the island. [202] The council has jurisdiction over many matters, including public security, agreements with other governments, subsidy programs, the environment, urban planning, and a three-year capital expenditure program. [219] Each station was designed by different architects with individual themes and features original artwork, and the trains run on rubber tires, making the system quieter than most. Dagenais, Michèle. [148][149] The city is also home to many recognized cultural, film and music festivals (Just For Laughs, Just For Laughs Gags, Montreal International Jazz Festival, Montreal World Film Festival, and others), which contribute significantly to its economy. 1 Place Ville Marie-Ground Floor, Downtown Montreal, Montreal, H3C 3B5. They are responsible for the public study of pending matters and for making the appropriate recommendations to the council. [227][228][229][230][231] In 2018, Trudeau was the third busiest airport in Canada by passenger traffic and aircraft movements, handling 19.42 million passengers,[232][233] and 240,159 aircraft movements. COVID-19 Update: To protect the health and safety of our customers, team members and the community and to help limit the spread of COVID-19, we’ve temporarily closed lobby access at select branches. In the Ojibwe language, the land is called Mooniyaang[37] which served as "the first stopping place" in Ojibwe migration story as related in the seven fires prophecy. Dauversiere hired Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve, then age 30, to lead a group of colonists to build a mission on his new seigneury. Montreal was the site of the 1989 École Polytechnique massacre, one of Canada's worst mass shooting, where 25-year-old Marc Lépine shot and killed 14 people, all of them women, and wounding 14 other people before shooting himself at École Polytechnique. [201] Montreal also hosted the first ever World Outgames in the summer of 2006, attracting over 16,000 participants engaged in 35 sporting activities. Another distinctive characteristic of cultural life is the vibrancy of its downtown, particularly during summer, prompted by cultural and social events, including its more than 100 annual festivals, the largest being the Montreal International Jazz Festival which is the largest jazz festival in the world. In the 2016 census, children under 14 years of age (691,345) constituted 16.9%, while inhabitants over 65 years of age (671,690) numbered 16.4% of the total population of the CMA. Canada … Montreal was the host city for the 17th unicycling world championship and convention (UNICON) in August 2014. For other uses, see. [242] CN's flagship train, the Super Continental, ran daily from Central Station to Vancouver and subsequently became a Via train in the late 1970s. [205] Sex crimes have increased 14.5 percent between 2015 and 2016 and fraud cases have increased by 13 percent over the same period. STM bus routes serve 1,347,900 passengers on an average weekday in 2010. Indeed, the volume of stocks traded at the Toronto Stock Exchange had already surpassed that traded at the Montreal Stock Exchange in the 1940s. FedEx Drop Box FedEx Drop Box - Inside 290 Le Moyne. The subway and bus system are operated by the Société de transport de Montréal (STM, Montreal Transit Society). Maisonneuve made all the settlers take refuge in the fort. [citation needed]. On June 15, Arnold's messenger approaching Sorel spotted Carleton returning with a fleet of ships and notified him. The drop-off times for each FedEx Drop Box vary — some locations offer later drop-off times as well as Saturday drop off. The Metro was inaugurated in 1966 and has 68 stations on four lines. Within a few hundred years, they had built fortified villages. The city is situated 196 km (122 mi) east of the national capital Ottawa, and 258 km (160 mi) south-west of the provincial capital, Quebec City. Find CIBC branches and ATMs near Montreal, Quebec. The men's tournament is a Masters 1000 event on the ATP Tour, and the women's tournament is a Premier tournament on the WTA Tour. Arnold eventually withdrew his forces back to the New York fort of Ticonderoga by the summer. After 36 years in Montreal, the team relocated to Washington, D.C. in 2005 and re-branded themselves as the Washington Nationals. [130] Historically Montreal has been a centre of Catholicism in North America with its numerous seminaries and churches, including the Notre-Dame Basilica, the Cathédrale Marie-Reine-du-Monde, and Saint Joseph's Oratory. The construction of new residential skyscrapers, two super-hospitals (the Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal and McGill University Health Centre), the creation of the Quartier des Spectacles, reconstruction of the Turcot Interchange, reconfiguration of the Decarie and Dorval interchanges, construction of the new Réseau électrique métropolitain, gentrification of Griffintown, subway line extensions and the purchase of new subway cars, the complete revitalization and expansion of Trudeau International Airport, the completion of Quebec Autoroute 30, the reconstruction of the Champlain Bridge and the construction of a new toll bridge to Laval are helping Montreal continue to grow. the Commission de toponymie du Québec has dismissed this idea as a misconception.[39]. The mountain is home to two major cemeteries, Notre-Dame-des-Neiges (founded in 1854) and Mount Royal (1852). Montreal-based Canadian National Railways (CN) was formed in 1919 by the Canadian government following a series of country-wide rail bankruptcies. 2016. All meetings include a public question period. The council is required to supervise, standardize or approve certain decisions made by the borough councils. The port of Montreal lies at one end of the Saint Lawrence Seaway, the river gateway that stretches from the Great Lakes to the Atlantic. Kinshasa and Abidjan are sometimes said to rank ahead of Montreal as francophone cities, since they have larger populations and are in countries with French as the sole official language. During the second one, the Montreal Machine played in the World League of American Football in 1991 and 1992.